Payments Re-Built Military Began to Expand Other totalitarian regimes act aggressively Italy Attacks Ethiopia,
1935 Benito Mussolini invades Ethiopia with overpowering force 2,000 Italian troops killed, 275,000 Ethiopians killed
Ethiopia and King Haile Selassie Ethiopia one of few independent nations in Africa 1935 - Italy invaded Ethiopia Ethiopian king, Haile Selassie I, appealed to League of Nations for help (did little oil boycott of Italy which most didnt follow anyway)
Ethiopians tried to fight but weapons were no for armored vehicles, planes and poison gas of Italians In spring of 1936, Mussolini announced Ethiopia was part of Italian Empire Emperor Haile Selassie during his famous speech to the
League of Nations Spanish Civil War (19361939) Leftists Right Wing
Republicans Nationalists Loyal to democratically elected government
Loyal to General Francisco Franco Preferred by Britain and France, though gave very little assistance
Aided by Germany and Italy Germany Occupied the Rhineland (1936) Supposed to remain demilitarized
zone as per the Versailles Treaty Anchluss (1938) Hitler announces union with Austria Austrians do not resist
1938 - Sudetenland Germany took over the Sudetenland (Sept, 1938) Hitler claimed
its the last territory he would take Appeasement Appeasement = The policy of giving in to someone to avoid a conflict League of Nations, specifically Britain and
France, used appeasement against Hitler Munich Pact - The Failure of Appeasement Munich Conference = meeting between British and French leaders and Hitler Hitler promised not to take more land in return for
being allowed to keep land he already took The Munich Pact (1938) The Height of Appeasement British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
Now we have peace in our time! Herr Hitler is a man we can do Germans Take Czechoslovakia (March, 1939) Violation of Munich Pact
British leaders again do nothing Nazi-Soviet Pact (August, 1939) Hitler makes peace agreement with Soviet Union
Allows Germany to attack Poland without fear of fighting war on eastern front Germany Invades Poland (Sept 1, 1939) and WW2 Begins Blitzkrieg = German
style of attack, Lightning Warfare German troops parade through Warsaw, Poland in October 1939. Meanwhile In Asia
Japan Invades Manchuria, 1931 Japanese Aggression When Japan invaded Manchuria, the League of Nations
condemned the action, which led to Japans withdrawal from the group. League took little action did not recognize Japans
postage stamps The Japanese Invasion of China, 1937 Japanese occupy Beijing and Chinese fight back. A stalemate occurred for the next 8 years
The War In Asia When WW2 broke out in Europe in 1939, Japan joined the Axis powers (called Tripartite Agreement) In the early stages
of war Japan continued to expand Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy!
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii As Japan expanded in the Pacific, they knew the one nation in their way would be U.S. Japan thought they could wipe out U.S. with one swift
sneak attack Over 2400 American military were killed in the attack on December 7, 1941 In response, US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan
he American battleships West Virginia and Tennessee under attack at Pearl Harbor. From 1939 to 1942, the Axis Powers Dominated
France Fell Within Weeks in 1940 The Maginot Line WW1 was 2nd time in less than 50 years Germany had invaded
France After WW1, France was determined to ensure this never happened again France constructed a series of steel and concrete fortifications
along its Eastern border, stretching nearly 200 miles long. This was immensely expensive and further weakened the French economy.
The Maginot Line Charles de Gaulle By June of 1940, the Germans entered
Paris France agreed to armistice and was split in half: Northern France = Occupied by Germany
Southern France = Vichy France, technically independent, but really under control of Germans Charles de Gaulle set up the Free French government, with its base in Great
Britain The Free French fought against Germans, often using guerrilla tactics such as blowing up bridges, wrecking trains and cutting telephone and telegraph wires
France Surrenders June, 1940 A Divided France Henri Petain
The French Resistance The Free French The Maquis General Charles
DeGaulle The Battle of Britain, July to October, 1940 Winston Churchill In May of 1940, Winston
Churchill replaced Neville Chamberlain as the prime minister of Britain Churchill had earned himself a reputation of speaking out against the policy of appeasement all throughout the 1930s
Hitler offered a peace negotiation which Churchill refused In response, Hitler ordered his air force, the Luftwaffe to soften up Britain for invasion The Battle of
Britain - 1940 The Battle of Britain is the attempt by the German Luftwaffe to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force (RAF), before a planned sea and airborne invasion of
Britain during World War II. The Battle of Britain Air war conducted by the German Luftwaffe 40,000 British civilians killed in urban
bombing raids, especially in London 40 Blitz Commonly called The Royal Air Force prevents Germans from invading, and Hitler turns toward USSR
Turning Points in World War II Hitler Turns to Russia Battle of Stalingrad: Winter of 1942-1943
German Army Russian Army 1,011,500 men 1,000,500 men
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