William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE BIOGRAPHY No records of Shakespeares exact birthdate, but assumed that he was born around 1564. Also assumed that he attended grammar school, but no exact records that state when and where he went. After the records of his wife and children, Shakespeare falls off the map for approximately 7 years. Assumed that he left his family for the life in theatre No

records of his death, but assumed that LANGUAGE Shakespeare has contributed more words, phrases, and expressions into the English language than any other writer. Shakespeare is known for occasionally reversing the word order by rearranging the subject and verb. The correct way is SVO (subject verb object) Shakespeare tends to reverse it VSO (verb subject object) Example: I went to the store vs. Went to the WORDS FROM SHAKESPEARE 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Addiction Cold-blooded Dishearten Eventful Manager Arch-Villain Assassination Bedazzled Belongings Swagger LANGUAGE CONT. Shakespeare wrote is his plays primarily in blank verse Unrhymed

lines of iambic pentameter (5 unstressed syllables followed by 5 stressed syllables) Sonnet format! Shakespeare is known for including allusions and puns into his writing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I5lsuyUNu_4 THE PLAY BREAKDOWN Shakespeares plays are divided into 5 acts Act I: exposition and conflict

Act Setting up the playrising action II: Act III: turning point Who does and does not get along?! and complications Overall determines the plays direction Act IV: falling action Act V: climax and conclusion SHAKESPEARES PLAYS: COMEDIES Alls Well That Ends Well

2. As You Like It 3. Comedy of Errors 4. Loves Labours Lost 5. Measure for Measure 6. Merchant of Venice 7. Merry Wives of Windsor 8. Midsummer Nights Dream 9. Much Ado about Nothing 10. Taming of the Shrew 11. Twelfth Night 12. Two Gentlemen of Verona 13. Winters tale 1. PLAYS CONT: HISTORIES Henry IV, Part I 2. Henry IV, Part II 3. Henry V 4. Henry VI, Part I 5. Henry VI, Part II 6. Henry VI, Part III 7. Henry VIII 8. King John 9. Pericles 10. Richard II 11. Richard III

1. PLAYS CONT: TRAGEDIES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Antony and Cleopatra Coriolanus Cymbeline Hamlet Julius Caesar King Lear Macbeth Othello Romeo and Juliet Timon of Athens

Titus Andronicus Troilus and Cressida CHARACTERISTICS OF TRAGEDIES Characters Dramatic Conventions Tragic Hero: the protagonist, or central character Soliloquy: speech given by a character alone; exposes characters thought and feelings to the audience Antagonist: hostile force opposing the protagonist; can be a character or group of characters Aside: characters remark that others on stage do not hear, but is meant for the audience to know

Foil: character whose personality and attitude contrast those of another character; emphasizes another characters traits Dramatic Irony: when the audience knows more than the characters; helps build suspense Comic Relief: humorous speech intended to relieve the tension; also heightens the seriousness of the main action by contrast ROMEO AND JULIET Romeo and Juliet is one of Shakespeares most famous tragedies The Montagues The Capulets Others

Lord Montague: father Lord Capulet: father Prince Escalus: ruler of Verona Lady Montague: mother Lady Capulet: mother Mercutio: friend of Romeo Romeo: son of Monatgue Juliet: daughter of Capulets Friar Laurence & John: priests Benvolio: nephew and

friend of Romeo Tybalt: nephew of Lady Capulet Count Paris: young nobleman Balthasar: servant of Romeo Nurse: Juliets nurse Apothecary: pharmacists Abram: servant to Montagues Sampson & Gregory: servants An officer, Chief Watchman, and Three Musicians Peter: servant to the nurse

An old Man: part of Capulet family SHAKESPEARE TIME Shakespeares TimeThe Elizabethan Age He lived in England during the flowering of intellectual activity known as the Renaissance. Basic to Renaissance thinking was a new emphasis on the individual and the freedom of choice. Music during this time was Baroque. It was extremely ornate and overly complicated. Queen Elizabeth ruled England during Shakespeares time. She loved the theater! SHAKESPEARE THEATRE The Globe Theater was built in 1598 in the Bankside District of London. Open-air octagonal amphitheater could seat

3000. All shows happened during the day. No scene changes, so props and costumes were important. The pit or the yard was the floor surrounding the stage where groundlings stood. In 1613 the Globe burned down. In 1642 a new one was built, but was closed by the Puritans. A new Globe was opened in 1997 by the current queen, Elizabeth II. ACTIVITY In groups of 3-4, choose (2) shows or movies that you have all seen. Then, create a table on one sheet of paper, like this: Write the appropriate characters from your show/movie underneath each category. Ex: Tragic Hero Antagonist

Foil Atticus Ewells Scout, Jem & Dill When you have finished, answer the question: 1. How does the conflict between the protagonist and the antagonist lead to action of the story?

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