Solutions for Mud and Manure - Mason Conservation District
SOLUTIONS FOR MUD AND MANURE Workshop Hosted by the Mason Conservation District Topics to be covered: Mud and mud management options Why it is important to manage your manure Water Quality Protection
Manure handling, storage, and composting to reduce mud Nutrient application: timing, rates, record keeping, effects on irrigation practices Recipe for Mud Impervious surfaces (roofs and driveways) and excess runoff Highly organic soil (vs. gravelly, well-drained soil)
Build-up of manure Decomposed organic material High-use areas and subsequent Soil compaction Loss of vegetation that stabilizes soil and allows for water infiltration
Ways to Manage Mud Establish a designated area to keep animals during wet periods, and add sand to soil Use footing for paddocks and other high traffic areas Install gutters & downspouts, collect water in rain barrels
Use vegetation as a mud manager, keep vegetation buffers around high-use areas Pick up manure regularly and practice good manure management Why is Good Manure Management Important? Horse manure production 1 horse, 1200 pounds WEIGHT: 50 pounds manure & urine/day VOLUME: 1 cubic feet/day
WEIGHT: 50 lbs/day x 30 days/month x 4 months = 6000 pounds of manure VOLUME: 1 cu ft/day x 30 days/month x 4 months = 120 cubic feet of manure Theres a lot of manure to deal with! Why is Good Manure Management Important? Helps prevent humans and animals from getting sick Improves sanitation conditions
Decreases odors, and insect and parasite populations Decreases nutrient-rich runoff, protects water quality Why is Good Manure Management Important? Its nutrient rich and we want those nutrients in the soil, not in runoff! Manure Management Questions to consider: How much will you have and whats its nutrient content?
Where can you safely store it, compost it, and whats the composts nutrient content? See handouts: Estimating Manure Generated per Month and Nutrient Values of Manures Table See handouts: A Guide to Composting on Small Farms and KCD Guide to Composting Horse Manure Can you use it all on your property and if so, how? See handout: Balancing Nitrogen Needed and Produced
Manure Handling and Storage Store manure on high well-drained ground away from surface water Cover all manure and soiled bedding Either store or drain liquids from manure to soil and vegetation that can filter it Calculate amounts of manure and bedding used to design storage area
Manure Handling and Storage Management: Weighted tarp or plastic During wet season Better Management: Concrete pad with curbs Weighted tarp or plastic Best Management: Concrete pad with curbs Roof with gutters and downspouts Composting Manure
Manure has Carbon: Nitrogen ratio needed for composting, so add bedding minimally Needs adequate air and moisture Turn pile regularly and water it in summer Takes a couple of months in the summer and three to five months in the winter
Volume reduced by about 50% when done Composted vs. Uncomposted Manure From OSU: http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1957/29173/em8825.pdf What to do with manure? If you dont want to apply to manure or take the time to turn it into compost: Arrange with gardeners, landscapers, or farmers to remove it
Make a Craigslist post Haul it to a manure storage facility Pay someone else to haul it Using Manure on Pastures and Plants Things to Consider: Determining how to apply manure based on your soil and the nutrients required by plants you want to grow See Handout: Pasture Management Schedule Calculating application rates
Manure Application record keeping Appropriate irrigation amount and timing in relation to application Crop Nutrient Requirements and Manure Nutrients Look up the nutrient requirements of specific plants you want to grow Get your soil and fresh or
composted manure tested for its nutrient content Covered horse manure typically has 9 Nitrogen, 2.6 Phosphorus, and 13 Potassium lbs/ton Calculating Application Rates and Keeping Records Spread manure on your field based on its nutrients and the nutrients needed by plants
Use the OSU Organic Fertilizer Calculator Use worksheet in additional resources of your packet Keep records Develop a site plan Develop a nutrient management plan complete with soil test results and manure application tracking Irrigation and Manure Application To protect water quality, carefully plan when and where you apply manure.
Do not spread manure during heavy rain periods and do not irrigate soon after spreading Composted manure has fewer nutrients, but releases nutrients slowly Less leaching of nutrients into water Less risky to spread on fields Fresh manure is high in readily available nutrients More leaching of nutrients into water
THANKS FOR JOINING US AND ENJOY THE REST OF THE WORKSHOP!
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