Features of Early Civilizations Ancient Mesopotamia Government City

Features of Early Civilizations Ancient Mesopotamia Government  City

Features of Early Civilizations Ancient Mesopotamia Government City States: Cities that control the lands around them. King Hammurabi-First to enforce a set of laws, believed strong should not control the week. Kings ruled-----> Often War heroes. Ancient Mesopotamia Food Supply

Many Crops Plenty of food due to irrigation. Most people were farmers. Rich soil from the Fertile Crescent and floods.

Ancient Mesopotamia Economics Traded with other towns/cities in the area. Traded or traded for tools, wheat, barley, copper, tin, and timber (wood). Farming Ancient Mesopotamia Resources and Technology Invented 12 month calendar, wheel, plow, writing system (cuneiform), sailboat,

geometry, number system based on 60, 60 second minute, 60 minute hour, 360 degree circle. Ancient Mesopotamia Division of Labor Three social classes: Upper, Middle, and Lower. Upper: Kings, Priests, Government Officials. Middle: Artisans, Merchants, Farmers, and Fishers.

Low: Enslaved Prisoners of war, criminals, unskilled. Ancients Mesopotamia Communication Only men (wealthy) went to school.

Used Cuneiform (wedged shaped writing). Scribes kept records. Writing system (Cuneiform) to keep records and pass ideas. Ancient Egypt Government Used to direct and plan activities to resolve problems in society. Early Rulers were village chiefs. Eventually rulers came from a dynasty, or

bloodline of power. Leaders known as Pharohs. Ancient Egypt Food Supply

Successful Farmers Wheat, barley, and flax seed. Often grew surplus. Irrigation helped their success. Regular flooding = surplus. Ancient Egypt Economics

Farming Trade w/Mesopotamia. Business owners/shop keepers. Trade with each other. Ancient Egypt Resources and Technology ShadoofBucket attached to a long pole and dipped into the water.

PapyrusFirst paper made from it. First medical books Number system based on 10. Writing system, hieroglyphics, picture writing. Ancient Egypt Division of Labor 3 Social Classes: Upper, Middle, Lower. Upper: Pharaoh, nobles, priests, wealthy. Middle: Traders, artisans, shopkeepers, scribes, skilled workers.

Lower: Unskilled workers, farmers, herders. Ancient Egypt Communication Hieroglyphics Picture writing Later, pictures stood for sounds Ex. Boat = Ancient India Government Little known due to lack of records.

Religion and politics were closely connected (normal for the time). Kings and Priests most influential. Ancient India Food Supply Rice, wheat, barely, peas Cattle were prized for because of meat, milk, and being a source of butter. Later cattle became sacred and were forbidden to be eaten (Aryans).

Fertile soil and river floods helped provide surplus. Ancient India Economics Cattle sometimes used as money. Individual wealth based on # of cattle on had. Ancient India Resources and Technology

Iron plow

Algebra Idea of zero Infinity Symbols for numbers 1-9 Medical tools Plastic surgery Mapped movement of universe Earth revolved around the sun Steel tools and weapons

Ancient India Division of Labor Caste System Made of 4 Varnas, or levels. Priests

Rulers/Warriors Farmers, merchants Slaves, servants Untouchablesperformed the lowest and most unwanted jobs: ex. cleaning up body fluids and animal carcasses. Ancient India Communication Sanskrit: Written language Many songs, poems, and prayers passed

along. Ancient China Government Dynasties: Power passed in the bloodline, power stays within a family. Kings Bureaucracy: appointed officials responsible for different areas of government.government broken up.

Ancient China Food Supply Grains, wheat, and rice Cattle, sheep, and chickens Tea

Fertile soil and flooding of rivers Surplus allowed population to grow. Ancient China Economics Traded tea, porcelain, paper, steel, silk Traded for gold, silver, precious stones, and fine woods. The route western Asia and Europe used became known as the Silk Road.

Ancient China Resources and Technology

Iron plow Irrigation and flood system Cross bow Abacus (ancient calculator) Great Wall Printing Press

Gun Powder Porcelain Fireworks Boat rudders Coal Steel (Armor swords, helmets, stoves, tools, drills, chains, nails, and needles) Ancient China Division of Labor Aristocrats-Wealthy Landowners Farmers

Merchants Ancient China Communication Pictographs-Characters that stand for objects. Ideographs-Characters used in writing that joins two pictographs together. Calligraphy-Beautiful hand writing (pg. 421)

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Macdonald Sager Manis LLP

    Macdonald Sager Manis LLP

    Bank Act vs. Perfected PPSA Interest: "First in Time" Rule. ... of another party's prior unperfected security interest in that property, then the bank's interest will be subordinate to that other party's prior unperfected interest.
  • World War II Posters

    World War II Posters

    World War II Posters. Propaganda is material given out in order to spread an opinion about something. The following may be used:. Biasis when an author gives his or her personal opinion through something that is shared (writings, posters, etc.)
  • Securing Embedded User Interfaces: Android and Beyond

    Securing Embedded User Interfaces: Android and Beyond

    UI testing APIs. Send UI events to the app. Designed for developer self-testing. Can be used to test any apps after . re-signing the . apk. Powerful in QoE study. Share app data, can . directly. access . UI tree...
  • Reading78

    Reading78

    Young Woman in Brabant Costume Reading. Thérèse Schwartze. Bride from Oud-Beijerland, 1895. Woman Reading. Thérèse Schwartze (Dutch, 1851-1918) ... An Orphan in Church, 1880. Pascal Adolphe Jean Dagnan-Bouveret (French, 1852-1929) Jeune femme lisant.
  • RCM 2013-2014 BUDGET REVIEW George A. Smathers Libraries

    RCM 2013-2014 BUDGET REVIEW George A. Smathers Libraries

    This pie chart is in the Smathers Libraries 2013-1024 RCM Budget Review and was also included in the cover e-mail message transmitting the budget review to the committee. You will see this slide again later in the presentation, and I...
  • The Wizard of Oz Populism Theory

    The Wizard of Oz Populism Theory

    The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was written as an allegory to the situation that was happening in the Midwest. Every main character can be traced to either a particular person or group of people. Even the word "Oz" is used...
  • Managerial Economics & Business Strategy

    Managerial Economics & Business Strategy

    Managerial Economics & Business Strategy Chapter 5 The Production Process and Costs How do we know the OPTIMAL level of capital and labor in the long run Isoquant The combinations of inputs (K, L) that yield the producer the same...
  • Joanne Rowling prv spisovateka, ktor sa stala miliardrkou

    Joanne Rowling prv spisovateka, ktor sa stala miliardrkou

    Joanne Rowling prvá spisovateľka, ktorá sa stala miliardárkou Rodina a vzdelanie 31.júl 1965, Yate Ann a Peter → Joanne+Di St. Michael's Primary School Alfred Dunn = Albus Dumbledore Wyedean Comprehensive University of Exter Práca - Londýn, Manchaster Prvé manželstvo Portugalsko...