From Classical to Contemporary

From Classical to Contemporary

Elementary, my dear Watson HUM 2212: British and American Literature I Fall 2012 Dr. Perdigao Doyled Again Sir Arthur Conan Doyle born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1859 Studied medicine at Edinburgh University and settled in London Wrote while in practice in London A Study in Scarlet as first successful story, appeared in Beetons Christmas Annual in 1887 Left medicine after success of The Sign of Four in 1890 to write full-time

Killed off Sherlock Holmes character in The Final Problem, published in 1893, but, due to public outcry and protest, resurrected the character Doyle as historian, whaler, athlete, war correspondent, and spiritualist Knighted in 1902 for work in South African field hospital during the Boer War Died in 1930 Doyled Again When A Study in Scarlet came out, Doyle received a flat fee of 25 pounds (about $120)

Magazine did not sell out, mixed reviews (some noting indebtedness to Edgar Allan Poes C. Auguste Dupin) Book publication led to Lippincotts Monthly Magazine buying The Sign of Four in 1890 The Strand magazine (the Life magazine of its era) published A Scandal in Bohemia in 1891 and new stories featuring Holmes sold out

Magazine changed owners in 1951 and new issue featured Holmes on cover, showing longstanding connection between the magazine and the character The Hound of the Baskervilles offered return of Holmes that ran from August 1901 until April of the following year, then The Empty House Doyle continued writing stories until 1927, with Holmes retiring in 1903 or 1904 to tend bees, with His Last Bow taking him out of retirement Framing Holmes

4 novels and 56 short stories featuring the character Holmes believed to have a birthdate of January 6, 1854 Lives at 221b Baker Street, since 1881 Studies at universitybelieved to be chemistry; chemistry lab in house

Brother Mycroft, government official Lives with Dr. John H. Watson until his marriage, then again after his wifes death Landlady Mrs. Hudson

Stories as frame narratives (story within the story) Disguises Watson appears in 56 of the 60 published adventures 2 told by third-person narrator (The Adventure of the Mazarin Stone and His Last Bow) and Holmes narrates The Adventure of the Lions Mane and The Adventure of the Blanched Soldier; The Musgrave Ritual and Gloria Scott are told from Holmes memories while Watson narrates

Partnership between 1881-1914 Masculinist character of the period in late nineteenth-century English society Guinness World Records lists Holmes as most portrayed movie character75 actors in 211 films

1905 silent screen debut (although 1900 vignette Sherlock Holmes Baffled) Fourteen Universal features starring Basil Rathbone from 1939-1946, with Nigel Bruce as comical Watson character (overweight, bumbler) The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1939) Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce (Holmes and Watson) Deerstalker cap and pipe Buster Keaton

Doyled Again Buster Keaton in Sherlock Jr. (1924) The Return of Sherlock Holmes (1929), starring Clive Brook, first sound film to feature the character and one given credit for the line Elementary, my dear Watson Without a Clue (1988)

On television, Jeremy Brett played role from 1984-1994 House and CSI play with references to Holmes (Who Shot Sherlock?) BBC series Sherlock (2010-present) (by writers of Doctor Who)blogging

Elementary (2012-present) Cyberworld Sherlock? Cyberworld Sherlock? Doyled Again Guy Ritchie: What youve got going on with our movie is a complete re invention process of an iconic figure . . . We have gone back to the books themselves. In them, Holmes is a very compelling hero: an inquisitive, tortured, complex genius, who is also an action man. (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/6789921/Sherlock-Holmes-pipedreams.html)

As James Bond in 1891 Elementary Watsons role as storyteller and buffer between Holmes and reader appear[s] less astute than the reader, rendering himself more approachable than the aloof and awesome Holmes, without sacrificing respect for his native

intelligence (Estleman xiii). Characteristic Watson: bravery in The Hound of the Baskervilles and The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton; past 60 years old, offered surgical skills to England on eve of WWI (Estleman x). Gambling problemHolmes with Watsons checkbook locked away; theories about multiple marriages

Holmes use of cocaine, morphine Watsons rehabilitation of Holmes Reframing Holmes characterizationcounter to Lestrade (who jumps to conclusions, like us)

Flair for showmanship, arrogance Starts out poor, A Scandal in Bohemia brings him 1000 pounds (at time, 60100 pounds as decent salary) Does pro bono work, charges wealthy clients more Another Fight Club? Baritsu vs. Wing-Chun Kung Fu

Bartitsu, martial art created by British engineer Edward-William Barton Wright (1860-1951) Misspelling in The Times article in 1901; two years later, The Adventure of the Empty House introduced the style Bartitsu is mix of Japanese jujitsu and English and French boxing

Conan Doyle as amateur boxer Robert Downey Jr. and Guy Ritchie study Wing-Chun Kung Fu (Bruce Lee popularized), change for film Reasoning and unreasoning Forensic science

Pseudo-scientific approachphrenology Abductive reasoning Criminology Fingerprints, gun powder residue

Science vs. magic, supernatural Holmes as ultimate rationalist but Doyle as spiritualist, connection to Harry Houdini, the Cottingley fairy case Doyle reading Grimms fairy tales at time of writing The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire

Ritchies Sherlock Holmes, debunking magic, triumph of science The Woman Irene Adler is only woman to impress him; she only appears in A Scandal in Bohemia but is mentioned throughout the stories as his equal In his eyes she eclipses and predominates the whole of her sex (239).

Idea that Holmes is asexual, doesnt understand Watsons interest in Mary Degrading to women Disguisesgender-bending performances in story March 1888 as setting

References to Study in Scarlet (240) Watson comments that Holmes deductions would lead to accusations of witchcraft (241) Idea of unobserved life Secrets and Lies

Paper made in Bohemia Germansyntax Count Van Kramm, Bohemian nobleman (244)

KingWilhlem Gottsreich Sigismond von Ormstein, Grand Duke of CasselFelstein and hereditary King of Bohemia (245) Connection to Irene Adler Looks up in the indexAmerican, NJ born in 1858, performed as prima donna Imperial Opera of Warsaw Marriage to Godfrey Norton

Women as naturally secretive (255) Gender Equity? Fire Proposed costume in A Scandal in Belgravia

Leaves for the Continent Photograph of Irene Adler left Letter Male costume is nothing new to me. I often take advantage of the freedom which it gives (261)

Rebooting? Resurrection of Holmes with The Empty House in 1903 Lapse in Holmes narrative from 1891 to 1894 between The Final Problem and The Empty House Passing of Victorian age with turn to the twentieth century, now to the

twenty-first century Traces The Speckled Band (published in 1892, set in 1883) The Speckled Blonde

Description of methods: http://www.thescienceofdeduction.co.uk/ http://www.johnwatsonblog.co.uk/ Supernatural and fantastic Roylotts of Stoke Moran, Surrey Stepdaughter of last survivor

Usher? (Not that Usher) Stepfathermedical career in Calcutta ExoticIndia Twin Julia Usher Usher? Threads

Railway accident Chopin story? Mania, residing in tropicsmadness (1834) Violence, fear of exposure Hyde? Sister died two years ago (1834) Aunt Miss Honoria Westphail Sister visited, engaged to major of Marines Died of shock Blogging 101

Locked room mystery It was the band! (1836) Or gipsies? Different interpretations

dark enough, and sinister enough (1838), not most Grimesby Roylott appears (1839) Holmes strengthstraightens poker Threat of danger (1844)

Come anyway Difficulty in reasoning, insufficient data (1848) Blogging 101 Eastern trainingexotic, dangerous (to other scientists, British/India divide)

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