Air Law

Air Law

AIR LAW for PPL(A)s AIR LAW JOINT AVIATION REGULATIONS (JAR) JOINT AVIATION AUTHORITY (JAA) PILOT LICENSING Flight Rules Operations Aviation Rules and Regulations Airworthiness of Aircraft Registration of Aircraft Aerodrome Operations Airspace Classification Flight in Controlled and Uncontrolled Airspace Restricted Airspace

Flight Planning Meteorological Information Aeronautical Information Service Communications Facilitation Customs, Immigration and Cargo requirements Munitions of War, Weapons and Dangerous Goods Search and Rescue Interception of Aircraft Accidents/Incidents Exam

Air Law History Chicago Convention 1944. International Civil Aviation Organisation 52 nations agreed to standardise (some) civil aviation (operational) procedures. Joint Aviation Authorities 1970 (JAA) Cooperation of European Aviation Organisations, originally to standardise large aircraft construction procedures(Airbus) later extended to safety and training. Hope to standardise procedures etc. with FAA in USA. European Air Safety Agency (EASA). From 2006, EASA has gradually taken over all other JAA activities (licensing, training etc). All EC countries are or will belong to EASA. JAA formerly disbanded in 2009 AIR LAW for PPLs Licensing of pilots

SI 333/2000 IAA(Personnel Licensing) Order SI 683/2003 IAA Personnel Licensing Amendment Order Student Pilot Licence(SPL) Can start flying (logging hours) at 15 Can get SPL at 16 if he has valid Class 1 or 2 JAA Medical Class 1 instructor has signed logbook that student has adequate knowledge of air law and local control procedures Cannot carry passengers Can fly solo in Irish Airspace (only) when supervised by instructor Can fly solo cross country when authorised by Class 1 instructor who has signed logbook student has passed oral examination in navigation rules and elementary navigation, airlaw, ATC procedures and is competent for cross-country flight. The general principle here is that an SPL cannot fly unless authorised and supervised by an appropriately qualified Instructor AIR LAW for PPL(A)s Licensing of pilots

Private Pilot Licence (PPL) Must be 17+ Must have JAA Class 1 or 2 Medical Must have completed IAA written examinations - airlaw - aircraft general knowledge - flight performance and planning, navigation, meteorology, operational procedures - human performance and limitations Must pass all exams within a 12 month period and take flight test within 2 y of passing first exam Exams every 2 months in Dublin Must have completed 45h flight time on same aircraft category as licence , broken down as follows:- Simulator (FS or FNPT) up to 5h

- Dual instruction on one type of aircraft having a JAA Certificate of Airworthiness 25h - Supervised solo on same type of aircraft 10h - cross country time including 150 nm flight landing at two other airfields 5h - Holders of microlight, helicopter or glider pilot licences - 10% pilot time up to 10h (aeroplanes) and 6h (helicopters) AIR LAW for PPL(A)s Licensing of pilots SKILL TEST (General Flight Test of GFT) 2-3h flight including navigation exercise, diversion, airwork (turns, stalls, unusual attitudes, engine outs, flapless and glide approaches), R/T procedures and general airmanship. Minimum flight times and passing of written exams are prerequisites Result is NOT a licence its a rating attached to the licence (to fly Single Pistonengined aircraft) or SEP class rating

Other ratings are flight instructor, instrument, multiengine NOTE Different categories of aircraft (defined by use)may require different pilot licences Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) to be paid to pilot a plane carrying freight or used for airborne activities such as crop spraying or aerial survey (Air Work Category) Air Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL) - to be paid to pilot a passenger aircraft (Air Transport Category) Private Pilot Licence (PPL) cannot be paid to carry freight or passengers (Private Category) AIR LAW for PPL(A)s Payment of a PPL pilot A PPL can only be paid if He has an Instructors Rating He is a member of Flying Club and is instructing another Club Member to fly an aircraft belonging to or being operated by the Club A PPL can be reimbursed for a proportion of the costs of a flight providing the costs are evenly divided between all on that flight i.e. there is no element of payment to the pilot for flying the aircraft. AIR LAW for PPL(A)s

Licensing of pilots PPL can: Act as pilot or co-pilot of any aircraft category, type and/or class stated on his licence Carry passengers (but cannot be paid for it) Carry passengers (but not on behalf of a commercial organisation, i.e. one that charges the passengers for the flight even if the pilot is not paid) Share the costs of a flight where these are evenly divided between all on board AIR LAW for PPL(A)s Licensing of pilots Validity of Licence/SEP rating Renewal of SEP rating Medical SEP Class rating, 2y Multiengine class rating, 1y Aeroplane type rating, 1y

SPL or PPL licence, 5y subject to medical remaining valid Within the 12 months before the expiry of the rating, have completed 12 h as PIC and 1h with an instructor OR Within 3 months of the expiry of the rating, have completed a flight test with an examiner AIR LAW for PPL(A)s Licensing of pilots Medical validity - under 40, 5 y - 40 to 50, 2 y - over 50, 1y - - Medical depends on maintenance of medical fitness.

IAA should be informed if there is a deterioration in medical fitness e.g. diagnosed with high Blood Pressure - IAA must be informed if ill for more than 10 days - IAA must be informed if hospitalized for more than 24h (e.g. surgery) - Authorised Medical Examiner (AME) is a doctor trained and authorised by IAA to carry out aircrew medicals

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