A Simplified Version of Kant's Ethics: Onora O'Neill

A Simplified Version of Kant's Ethics: Onora O'Neill

A Simplified Version of Kants Ethics: Onora ONeill Normative application of Kantian moral theory. Third Formulation of the Categorical Imperative: Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as a means but always at the same time as an end.

What is a maxim? A maxim is a principle that underlies or informs an act or set of actions. Several acts may satisfy the underlying maxim or principle. Famine Example: Try to reduce the risk or severity of world hunger

Several possible actions/policies will satisfy the requirements of the principle Individual contributions/government aid/ volunteering Using Others as Mere Means

We use others as mere means if what we do reflects some maxim to which they could not in principle consent. (134) Deception (actual maxim must be kept secret) Coercion Treating Others as Ends in Themselves: Avoid using others as mere means.

Wholly rational and autonomous if such beings existed we would only need to avoid using them as mere means. Justice and Beneficence Perfect duties are those that we have in virtue of someones having a rights claim against us. Imperfect duties generate obligations, but these obligations are to individuals in general and not to any specific

individual. Justice to the Vulnerable in Kantian Thinking Justice requires action that conforms (at least outwardly) to what could be done in a given situation while acting on maxims neither of deception nor coercion.(136) Further discussion of famine and justice pp.137-138

The basis for beneficent action is that we cannot without it, treat others of limited rationality and autonomy as ends in themselves.(138) Justice to the Vulnerable (cont.) Extreme deprivation curtails ones ability to engage in autonomous action. Our beneficence is not intended to merely make others

happy, though an increase in autonomy may make others happier. When famines were not only far away, but nothing could be done to relieve them, beneficence or charity may well have begunand stayedat home. In a global village, the moral significance of distance has shrunk, and we may be able to affect the capacities for autonomous action of those who are far away.(139)

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Germany, Switzerland, and Austria

    Germany, Switzerland, and Austria

    Four national languages: German, French, Italian, and Romansch. Most speak German, and many speak more than one language. ... Roger Federer. Actress Rene Zellweger's Father is Swiss . III. Austria . Austria's Location in Orange . Austria's Flag .
  • Advancing treatment. Transforming lives. Mindfulness, Acceptance, and Compassion

    Advancing treatment. Transforming lives. Mindfulness, Acceptance, and Compassion

    Mindfulness, Acceptance, and Compassion in Service of Suicide PreventionThomas E. Ellis, PsyD, ABPPThe Menninger Clinic/Baylor College of MedicineHouston, Texas Brazoria County Suicide Prevention SymposiumNovember 6, 2015 ... Beck's Cognitive Therapy for Suicidality. ... Branded PowerPoint ...
  • Chem. Chem. 212 212  Molecular Molecular Structures Structures

    Chem. Chem. 212 212 Molecular Molecular Structures Structures

    HyperChem CyberChem video Summary of VSEPR Molecular Shapes e-pairs Notation Name of VSEPR shape Examples 2 AX2 Linear HgCl2 , ZnI2 , CS2 , CO2 3 AX3 Trigonal planar BF3 , GaI3 AX2E Non-linear (Bent) SO2 , SnCl2 4 AX4...
  • Languages students' perceptions of audio and audio/video feedback

    Languages students' perceptions of audio and audio/video feedback

    Student perceptions of the value of audio and video feedback in facilitating language learningELSIN 15: The Relevance of Styles to Educational and Workplace Contexts1-3 July 2015, University of Exeter. Alison Organ, Senior Lecturer in French and German
  • Digital Planet: Tomorrows Technology and You George Beekman

    Digital Planet: Tomorrows Technology and You George Beekman

    Explain why a computer typically has different types of memory and storage devices. What Computers Do. Four basic operations: ... Buses connect to slots and ports that enable the computer to communicate with internal devices and external peripherals.
  • Essay Writing

    Essay Writing

    Identify the Thesis, Hook, and Bridge. Most people don't choose who they eat dinner with every night. It is usually whomever a person lives with, or is around at dinnertime. There are many fascinating people to spend time with while...
  • Abba - ms.augsburgfortress.org

    Abba - ms.augsburgfortress.org

    Catholic Epistles. James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude. Glossolalia. Literally, "speaking in tongues": regarded by Paul (1 Corinthians 14) and Luke (Acts 2) as spiritual gifts. Justification. The means by which God realigns people...
  • J Code Review - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    J Code Review - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    Extravasation of vesicant chemotherapy Has occurred when: ---vesicants intended for IV administration have inadvertently been given IM or SQ Not a device complication and not a vascular complication. Extravasations of vesicant chemotherapy are chemical burns of the tissue that occur...